Category: Oral Problems

The Most Common Oral Diseases And How To Prevent Them

The Most Common Oral Diseases And How To Prevent Them

Dental Cavities

Cavities are caused by the action of bacteria found in the food you eat. There are usually thousands of bacteria in your mouth and most are beneficial, but some of them form tight-knit colonies called plates, these microorganisms survive when you digest the foods you eat, especially those that break down into simple sugars such as candies and sweets, as well as other foods with a large number of carbohydrates, for example, pasta, bread, cereals, milk, nuts, juices, and sweetened beverages.

Dental Filling To End Cavities

The treatment to cure cavities is very simple and involves making a filling or filling.

This substance very closely mimics the exact shade of the piece, so, even if it is done on the front teeth, it does not affect the aesthetics of the smile.

It is important to treat caries as soon as we notice the first symptoms, which usually translate into pain or discomfort in the tooth and intense sensitivity.

If you do not act quickly, caries will continue to destroy the dental layers and will require a more complex intervention than a filling: a root canal or root canal treatment.

Regardless of the procedure, the intervention of a dentist is essential, since caries is the leading cause of premature tooth loss in young


 It is an oral disease, usually bacterial, that causes inflammation of the gums. If plaque is not removed with daily brushing and flossing, it produces toxins that can irritate gum tissue and cause gingivitis. In this early stage of gum disease, the damage can be reversed, as the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place are not yet affected. However, gingivitis can turn into periodontitis and cause permanent damage to dental braces.

Professional Dental Prophylaxis

To treat gingivitis, as long as it is not overly developed, you can resort to professional dental hygiene.

The prophylaxis that we offer at Ferrus & Bratos is more comprehensive when compared to what other clinics offer.

Not only does it last 50 minutes, but we use more advanced techniques to ensure complete cleaning: ultrasound tip and air polisher, among others.

Along with this treatment, it is possible to stop gingivitis by extreme hygiene at home.

The Most Common Oral Diseases And How To Prevent Them


It seems to be the most common oral disease. It is a bacterial infection caused by microorganisms that destroy the support of the tooth, the gums, and the bone that are supporting the teeth. The first symptom identified by the general population is bleeding gums,   gingivitis, and tooth mobility.


But don’t be alarmed: pyorrhea can also be treated.

However, it is a more complicated procedure because it requires measurements to check the depth of the accumulated tartar, as well as another series of dental tests.

Once the periodontist knows how far the tartar reaches, a dental curettage is performed to clean the entire subgingival area.

Thus, you can take a sample of the bacteria and perform a microbiological study to prescribe an effective antibiotic.

Halitosis And Bad Breath: 

Halitosis is caused by the batteries we have in our mouths. In the morning, morning breath is usually much more unpleasant than during the day, this is caused thanks to the fact that at night we salivate less, causing the number of bacteria in the mouth to increase. At 14-85 Dental Spa, we give you some tips to end bad breath.

Identify The Source Of Halitosis

On the other hand, when halitosis is extraoral, it has its origin in systemic problems, such as those related to the digestive system or liver or kidney diseases.

Although at first glance bad breath may seem only a social problem for those who suffer from it, the truth is that it can be a clue to more serious pathology.

Therefore, how you treat bad breath depends on what causes it.

If it is due to insufficient hygiene, it will be necessary to incorporate a tongue cleaner and other auxiliary oral cleaning elements.

But if it is due to any disease that we have mentioned, they will have to be addressed to end bad breath.

Tooth Sensitivity: 

It affects 1 in 3 Colombians and it becomes evident when we consume cold, hot, acidic foods and even with the passage of very cold air. This sensitivity is related to the brushing technique, the products used and even age, which causes certain structures of the tooth (root) to be more exposed and these symptoms appear. Therefore, the advice is to pay attention so that it does not end in a bigger problem.

Herpes Labialis

Besides, even if it disappears, herpes tends to appear throughout our lives if we have ever suffered it since the virus does not disappear.

Treatment To Relieve Symptoms

As with canker sores, cold sores do not require any treatment, but rather heals on their own.

In the same way, in pharmacies, you can ask for a specific drug to accelerate its disappearance.

But keep in mind that these products only relieve symptoms, but they do not eradicate the virus.

If you do not use any drug, herpes takes between 10 and 15 days to disappear, as it is the natural process of the virus.

How To Prevent Oral Problems?

How To Prevent Oral Problems?

Maintaining proper oral hygiene, eating healthy with low consumption of sugars and carbohydrates, not smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and consulting the dentist at least 2 times a year, help you prevent the appearance of dental diseases.

Likewise, for people who have an underlying disease such as diabetes, heart disease, or valve replacement, developing dental disease can be much more severe than in a person who does not have this condition. In this way, taking care of oral health also affects our state of health in general.

Mouth Cancer

Oral or oral cancer has an annual incidence in Spain of 6 to 13 cases per 100,000 men and 1 to 2 cases per 100,000 women, approximately.

Its symptoms can be caused by much less dangerous oral diseases, and it is that sometimes they can coincide.

Even so, it is worth knowing what their indications are so that we are attentive:

  • Strange spots in the oral cavity: white, red, or both.
  • Difficulty chewing or swallowing.
  • Mobility problems in the jaw and tongue.
  • Lumps on the face, neck, cheeks, jaw, gums, or tongue.
  • Complication or change in speech.
  • Weight loss without apparent explanation.

But remember that the most effective way to know if we have oral cancer or another oral pathology is to consult in person with our doctor or dentist.

How To Prevent Oral Problems?

Although the appearance of these oral diseases cannot be controlled, it is possible to prevent them to a great extent.

And it is that although the genetic factor has an important role, certain healthy habits help us to maintain good oral health.

Pay attention to your hygiene technique

How To Prevent Oral Problems?

Brush your teeth after each meal, giving it a minimum of 2 minutes.

Don’t forget to floss and rinse with mouthwash at least once a day.

The less plaque we allow to accumulate on our teeth and gums, the less likely we are to develop cavities or periodontal disease.

Not smoking or, at least, reducing tobacco use

Smoking is not only one of the worst habits for our general health, but it also causes significant damage to the mouth.

Tobacco stains teeth turn them yellow and cause bad breath.

But, in the worst-case scenario, smoking is one of the most decisive risk factors for suffering from mouth cancer.

Eat a healthy and balanced diet

Through a healthy diet, it is possible to strengthen the teeth to provide them with the necessary nutrients and vitamins.

Including quality fruits, vegetables, fish, and meats in the diet helps maintain optimal oral health.

On the other hand, it is advisable to avoid as much as possible the consumption of sugars, acids, and processed foods ( pre-cooked meals, industrial pastries, soft drinks … ) that promote dental cavities.

Respect the reviews ordered by your dentist

As we have said previously, only a specialized dentist can give you a reliable diagnosis.

Therefore, it is crucial to frequently go to a trusted clinic, to prevent, detect and treat any of these oral diseases.

Although from home we can notice the symptoms, there are times when we cannot know 100% if it is one or another pathology.

Therefore, and even if you do not have any problems in appearance, remember to go to your dentist at least once a year.