Maintaining proper oral hygiene, eating healthy with low consumption of sugars and carbohydrates, not smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and consulting the dentist at least 2 times a year, help you prevent the appearance of dental diseases.
Likewise, for people who have an underlying disease such as diabetes, heart disease, or valve replacement, developing dental disease can be much more severe than in a person who does not have this condition. In this way, taking care of oral health also affects our state of health in general.
Oral or oral cancer has an annual incidence in Spain of 6 to 13 cases per 100,000 men and 1 to 2 cases per 100,000 women, approximately.
Its symptoms can be caused by much less dangerous oral diseases, and it is that sometimes they can coincide.
Even so, it is worth knowing what their indications are so that we are attentive:
- Strange spots in the oral cavity: white, red, or both.
- Difficulty chewing or swallowing.
- Mobility problems in the jaw and tongue.
- Lumps on the face, neck, cheeks, jaw, gums, or tongue.
- Complication or change in speech.
- Weight loss without apparent explanation.
But remember that the most effective way to know if we have oral cancer or another oral pathology is to consult in person with our doctor or dentist.
How To Prevent Oral Problems?
Although the appearance of these oral diseases cannot be controlled, it is possible to prevent them to a great extent.
And it is that although the genetic factor has an important role, certain healthy habits help us to maintain good oral health.
Pay attention to your hygiene technique
Brush your teeth after each meal, giving it a minimum of 2 minutes.
Don’t forget to floss and rinse with mouthwash at least once a day.
The less plaque we allow to accumulate on our teeth and gums, the less likely we are to develop cavities or periodontal disease.
Not smoking or, at least, reducing tobacco use
Smoking is not only one of the worst habits for our general health, but it also causes significant damage to the mouth.
Tobacco stains teeth turn them yellow and cause bad breath.
But, in the worst-case scenario, smoking is one of the most decisive risk factors for suffering from mouth cancer.
Eat a healthy and balanced diet
Through a healthy diet, it is possible to strengthen the teeth to provide them with the necessary nutrients and vitamins.
Including quality fruits, vegetables, fish, and meats in the diet helps maintain optimal oral health.
On the other hand, it is advisable to avoid as much as possible the consumption of sugars, acids, and processed foods ( pre-cooked meals, industrial pastries, soft drinks … ) that promote dental cavities.
Respect the reviews ordered by your dentist
As we have said previously, only a specialized dentist can give you a reliable diagnosis.
Therefore, it is crucial to frequently go to a trusted clinic, to prevent, detect and treat any of these oral diseases.
Although from home we can notice the symptoms, there are times when we cannot know 100% if it is one or another pathology.
Therefore, and even if you do not have any problems in appearance, remember to go to your dentist at least once a year.